Data collection is a key component to successful behavior intervention. Data informs the selection of our interventions (Indirect Data Sources and ABC Data Collection), helps us determine if our interventions are succesful (Baseline Data and Progress Monitoring), and shows us if we're executing our plans as intended (Implementation Fidelity Data).
Indirect Data Sources
Indirect data sources provide information about the student's behavior through record review, interviews, and rating scales. Indirect data sources can help inform when direct (ABC) data collection should occur.
The FACTS is a two-page interview designed to be an efficient strategy for initial functional behavioral assessment, providing staff guidance on when to target their ABC Observation and informing decisions about the function of a student's behavior.
ABC Data Collection
ABC data collection is a key component in developing function-based behavior plans. By observing what happens before the behavior (the antecedent) and what happens immediately after the behavior (the consequence), we can begin to evaluate patterns of behavior. These patterns show us why a student is engaging in a behavior (the function) and provide us insight on the best matched interventions to support a student's growth. This guide explains more about Function-Based Thinking.
Sample Shane - ABC Recording Form
Sample Tracy - ABC Recording Form
What is ABC Data and Why Do You Need It?
Baseline Data and Progress Monitoring
Baseline data provides a measurement of behavior before intervention occurs. This type of data is important because it allows teams to evaluate the progress of the plan. Are the interventions working as intended? A comparison of baseline data to intervention data is the clearest way to determine this.
There are many ways to collect baseline data. This Behavioral Data Collection guide can help the team decide which method will be the best fit for the current plan.
Behavior Data - Collection Types
Implementation Fidelity Data
The best designed plans will be not be successful if they are not implemented corrected. Implementation fidelity data allows a team to determine if all interventions are in place, occurring at the intended frequency, and executed with accuracy. A simple checklist can prevent implementation drift and identify needs for additional resources, more staff training, or additional brainstorming.
How To - Implementation Fidelity For The Classroom*Note: This video focuses on IEPs, but the same process is applicable to PBSPs